In most cases, are categorized by blackheads and whiteheads.
They are caused by small infections that come from P.Acnes bacteria.
Other types of acne include:
It’s caused by excess heat, pressure and also friction. In most cases, it affects athletes. It causes small bumps as well as some inflamed lesions.
It is also known as nodulocystic acne. This is a severe form of acne that turns into big, inflamed cysts and nodules like that then appear on the skin.
This is also an intense form of inflammatory acne. It often affects adolescent males on their jaws, backs, and chest.
Acne can also be described as mild, moderate and also severe acne. In some occasion, Acne is graded. These grades are based on the type of symptoms they cause. We have Grades I, II, III and IV.
Alternative Acne Treatments
We have three alternative ways of treating your Acne.
1. Topical Medication
2. Oral Medication
Here are the common topical prescriptions for acne treatment for you!
Retinoid And Retinoid-Like Drugs
They normally come as gels, creams, and lotions. These drugs are extracted from Vitamin A. They also include tretinoin that includes Avita, Retin A, adapalene that contains Differin and also tazarotene that contains Tazorac and Avage.
For this medication to properly work for you, you are to apply it in the evening, three times a week as you start, thereafter as your skin gets used to it. You can then apply it on a daily basis in the evening. The treatment works by preventing plugging of your hair follicles.
It works by killing the excess bacteria on your skin and reduces redness. As you start using the treatment, in the first few months, you should use both a retinoid and an antibiotic. Remember to apply the antibiotic in the morning while retinoid in the evening.
Salicylic Acid And Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid comes from a naturally occurring acid that is often found in whole-grains, cereals, and also in animal products. In addition, it has antibacterial properties.
20% of azelaic acid cream tends to be effective just as other conventional acne treatment if used twice a day for at least four weeks. To enhance its effectiveness, use a combination of an azelaic acid with erythromycin.
For pregnant and breastfeeding women, azelaic acid-Azelex and Finacea is your prescription. Side effects of using these prescriptions are skin discoloration and minor skin irritation.
You can use Salicylic acid in-order to prevent plugged hair follicles. It is available as leave-on and wash-off products. Based on studies, it shows that its effectiveness is limited to users.
For inflammatory acne, it is recommended to apply a 5% of Dapsone gel twice a day, more regards to adult women suffering from acne. Side effects: dryness and redness.
To treat moderate and severe acne, an oral antibiotic will be needed so as to reduce bacteria and reduce inflammation. In normal occasions, Tetracycline is used as a first choice when treating acne.
It is advisable to use an oral antibiotic for the shortest time so as to prevent antibiotic resistance. Side effects include dizziness and stomach upset. They also increase skin sensitivity to the sun.
Combine Oral Contraceptives
FDA provides a combination of four oral contraceptives for acne therapy for women who might also wish to use the drugs for contraception.
These drugs are a combination of estrogen and progestin. You might not see the positive result of using this drug for a few months. Therefore, you can use other acne medication as you start as it may help. Side effects include weight gain, nausea, and tenderness.
For individuals who suffer from severe acne and doesn’t respond to other drugs, Isotretinoin is your solution! It is a powerful drug, very effective but with potential side effects.
A close monitor by a doctor is recommended for people being treated with the drug. Side effects include severe birth defects, ulcerative colitis, and an increased risk of suicide as well as depression.
A consideration for the drug Spironolactone-Aldactone may be used for women and adolescents girls who fail to respond to oral antibiotics treatments. Side effects include painful periods and breast tenderness.
For individuals suffering from Acne, these therapies may be considered but in selected cases. It may be alone or in combination with Acne medication.
The procedure involves using repeated applications of a chemical solution for example glycolic acid, salicylic acid or retinoic acid.
Extraction Of Blackheads And Whiteheads
With this therapy, your doctor may use special tools to remove whiteheads and blackheads gently for those that haven’t cleared up even with the use of topical medications. This process may cause scarring.
Lasers And Photodynamic Therapy
Several light-based therapies have been used successfully for Acne treatment but further study is still needed to determine the best method: light sources and dose for effective treatment.
A direct injection is needed for treatment of Nodular and cystic lesions. A side effect includes thinning in the treated places.
Over the years, most studies of Acne treatment have involved people from 12 years of age and above that is, from an adolescent stage. If your child has acne, you should consider consulting a pediatric dermatologist.
You should also ask for experts if you’re going to look into taking in medication to avoid complications as much as possible from drug interactions, side effects, appropriate doses, and also how the treatment may affect the growth and development of a child.
Contributed by Gordondelard